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The Minerals and Mining Act consolidates the law related to minerals and mining in Ghana. The Act confirms that all minerals in their natural state are the property of Ghana (section 1). The Act also covers land available for minerals (sections 2-8) and mineral rights (sections 9-21), fees (sections 22-26), licensing (sections 31-38), leasing (sections 39-61) and small scale mining (sections 81-94).
Under section 18, the holder of the mineral right must obtain the necessary approvals and permits required from the Forestry Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency before undertaking a mining activity. Under section 110, the Minister may make Regulations for the purpose of giving effect to this Act, including the restriction of mineral operations in or near a river, dam, lake, forest or stream.