Reducing forest loss, protecting community rights and strengthening legal processes are key issues to address when formulating new forest conversion laws, according to the organisation.
Using legal analysis from nine tropical countries, the toolkit identifies key legal risks associated with unclear forest conversion laws that can threaten people and the environment.
The toolkit gives lawmakers guidance about the questions they should ask themselves when writing or reforming forest conversion laws on five key areas that must be addressed:
- Clarity around the allocation of land
- Effective permits for those clearing forests
- Strict rules for timber from forest conversion
- Protection of the environment
- Recognition of communities’ rights
ClientEarth lawyer Clotilde Henriot said: “Forest conversion laws should set out what is allowed, what is forbidden, and what rules must be followed to gain access to forested land and gain permission to clear it for another purpose.
“Having clear, comprehensive forest conversion laws in tropical countries will tackle deforestation head-on. It will also help defend our environment and cut social conflict over land rights.”
Forest conversion – the clearing of tropical forests for things like agriculture, mining and infrastructure – is the leading cause of deforestation today.
Rules governing forest conversion are often scattered between existing laws on everything from the environment and land to mining and agriculture. But when these laws contradict one another, or are silent on important areas, deforestation is left ungoverned. This has led to an increase in illegal activity.
Half of all timber that is traded internationally comes from forest conversion and nearly two-thirds of that is thought to be illegal, according to a report by Forest Trends.
While action from the EU and voluntary commitments from the private sector might go some way to solving the problems around deforestation, they won’t halt it alone. Between 2000 and 2010, tropical countries experienced a net forest loss of 7 million hectares per year.
Strengthening the law is one of the key ways to reduce deforestation. Using this legal toolkit, governments have a starting point to reform laws around forest conversion that will help protect people and the planet.
Read the full legal toolkit on forest conversion or by each section here: