Greenpeace Romania seeks to annul the plant’s permit, which it claims does not comply with new, tougher EU pollution laws and fails to consider the impact on the health of people and the planet.
The new permit was granted in September 2018 and allows the Rovinari power plant to operate indefinitely.
ClientEarth lawyer, Dominique Doyle said: “Rovinari is one of the biggest CO2 polluters in the EU and one of the deadliest in terms of air pollution but amazingly it has been granted fresh permission to pollute indefinitely without having to assess any of these risks.
“The recent UN IPCC report confirmed that Europe needs a completely fossil-free energy system by 2030. However, by granting this open-ended permit, there is no end in sight for this giant polluter.”
Key assessments must be carried out when authorising, changing or extending certain projects to assess the impact on the health of people, the environment and the climate.
An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) should have been carried out, or at least considered, before extending Rovinari’s permit. An EIA would assess the effects of pollution from the plant throughout its lifetime. Failure to consider an EIA in this instance disregards both EU and Romanian law.
Rovinari is also upstream from an EU nature protection site that contains dozens of threatened habitats and species. The plant is close enough that an appropriate assessment should have been carried out to determine its impact on the habitats and species that depend on the site. It was not.
Greenpeace Romania campaigner, Cosmin Pleşcan said: “The nature site provides an essential source of water for a host of threatened species and habitats. The permit allows the power plant to discharge significant amounts of mercury, a hazardous substance, directly upstream from the site.
“We need to know what the effects of chemical pollution are to ensure these precious ecosystems are not exposed to additional threats.
“If these assessments are not carried out now, they will never be carried out and may result in irreversible harm to people, nature and the climate.”
The authority has approximately one month to respond to Greenpeace Romania’s administrative challenge. If no changes are made to the permit to rectify these breaches in the law, the campaigners will challenge the permit through the courts.