ClientEarth has created a law database of the main policies, laws and regulations governing forest conversion in Liberia.
Forest conversion is the clearing of natural forests (deforestation) to use the land for another purpose, often agricultural (growing crops like palm oil or creating pasture for cattle), but also for mines, infrastructure or urban expansion.
Forest conversion is a challenge to regulate, involving diverse sectors (including forest, mining, agriculture, land, investment) and many different groups (communities, private investors, government ministries).
As a result, many different laws from across these diverse sectors include provisions that relate to forest conversion in Liberia. The law database we have created – together with our in-country associates Heritage Partners and Associates – collects these relevant legal texts, which must be read together to understand the different requirements for converting forest land to another use. However, this legal framework is contradictory and incomplete and does not fully govern forest conversion in Liberia.
For a short introduction to the laws applying to forest conversion in Liberia, please refer to ClientEarth’s explanatory briefing.
Laws in Liberia are not easily available, particularly online. With this law database, NGOs, communities and researchers have access to the laws that regulate forest conversion in the country. This will help ensure their strong participation in national debates on forest management and protection.
ClientEarth will update and improve this database with laws as they evolve on forest conversion.
ClientEarth also has a Liberian law database on natural resources and community-rights related issues as well as a law database on forest conversion in Ghana.
- Act – 2006 – Act Adopting the National Forestry Reform Law
- Act – 2003 – Act for the Establishment of a Protected Forest Areas Network and Amending Chapters 1 and 9 of the New National Forestry Law, Part II, Title 23 of the Liberian Code of Law Revised and Thereto Adding Nine New Sections
- Act – 2009 – Act to Establish the Community Rights Law of 2009 with Respect to Forest Lands
- Regulation – 2011 – Forestry Development Authority Regulations to the Community Rights Law with Respect to Forest Lands
- Regulation – 2007 – Forestry Development Authority Ten Core Regulations (see specifically Regulations 102-07; 105-07 and 106-07)
- FDA Document – 2015 – National Forests Classification, Acreages, Location and Utilization
- Act – 2002 – Act creating the Environment Protection and Management Law of the Republic of Liberia
- Regulation – 2009 – Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment – Liberia
Mining and agriculture
- Act – 2000 – The Minerals and Mining Law
- Act – 2009 – Act establishing the Liberia Extractive Industries and Transparency Initiative (LEITI)
- Act – 1973 – Agriculture Law – Title 3 – Liberian Code of Laws Revised
- Act – 2005 – Act creating the Public Procurement and Concessions Commission
- Act – 2010 – Act to create the National Bureau of Concessions
- Act – 2010 – Investment Act
- Natural resource investment contracts and concession agreements* (A concession is considered a special legislation under Liberian law as it is approved by the legislature and subsequently approved by the President; it cannot be amended unless by consent of the legislature and the President)
* Please note that the Liberian Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (LEITI) collects and collates the natural resource investment contracts and concessions. ClientEarth has no responsibility for the content of the linked website and does not control the frequency of updates.