What is the Energy Union?
The Energy Union is an EU strategy which seeks to ensure that in the long term, Europe has secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy.
The Energy Union strategy is made up of five themes; energy security, energy efficiency, decarbonisation of the economy, innovation and a fully integrated energy market.
The core of the Energy Union is to put citizens at the centre; so they can take ownership of the energy transition, benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills and participate actively in the market.
The Energy Union is also a way for the EU to meet its energy and climate policy for 2030, which aims to achieve 2030 targets for renewables, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions reductions.
What is the energy market design initiative?
One of the core objectives of the EU Energy Union is a fully integrated internal energy market. This aims to enable a free flow of energy throughout the EU without any technical or regulatory barriers, securing supply and giving the consumer the best energy deal.
The market design initiative is a crucial first step in breaking away from an old, centralised energy system based on fossil fuels and big utility companies.
This change is necessary because the energy system of tomorrow needs to be zero-carbon, decentralised, and will rely on new and smaller players, including energy consumers who also produce energy themselves using renewables. These producer-consumers are sometimes called prosumers.
Better market design can deliver on multiple EU goals: consumer empowerment, innovation, saving energy, becoming a world leader in renewables, and ultimately, moving towards implementing the Paris Agreement.
Why do we need an energy market design?
Europe needs decentralised, more competitive and better connected energy markets to integrate new energy technologies that are needed to drive decarbonisation.
To do this, a transparent evolution of EU energy markets is required.
What are the benefits of a new energy market design?
- Enhanced energy security and cooperation between national energy markets, to share flexible resources.
- If capacity mechanisms don’t support fossil fuels, this will avoid reliance on dirty energy and provide a level playing field for energy efficiency and demand management tools.
- Consumers and local governments will be empowered to participate actively in the transition to a lower carbon energy market.
- Local jobs and growth, plus emissions reductions through the development of clean and renewable technologies – for power supply, heating, cooling and transport.
- Europe can lead on developing innovative digital industries that will deliver the energy systems of the future.
- If the market protects and incentivises people to save energy and use it more wisely, families can save on energy bills and energy poverty can be addressed more effectively.
What needs to be included in the EU Energy Market Design?
Starting with the 2030 energy and climate objectives, the EU needs:
- Rules which ensure that increasing amounts of decentralised renewables can be integrated into the energy system, and that the system overall becomes more efficient and flexible.
- A legal framework guaranteeing participation by citizens in self-production, storage and consumption of renewable energy and demand response, either individually or collectively.
- Effective implementation of regulatory oversight to ensure that the market functions properly and that there is a level playing field for renewables, efficiency and flexibility.